一个企业经常会碰上部署多台机器的问题,但是账号管理就成了问题,怎么在N台机器上统一部署账号管理,完成账号统一认证和管理是让我们后续非常方便的地方。

//安装三大应用,服务端,客户端,导出导入工具
yum install -y openldap-servers openldap-clients migrationtools
//配置文件
cp /usr/share/openldap-servers/DB_CONFIG.example /var/lib/ldap/DB_CONFIG
chown ldap. /var/lib/ldap/DB_CONFIG
//启动服务
systemctl start slapd
systemctl enable slapd
//生成root密码
╭─root@ykdev ~
╰─# slappasswd
New password:
Re-enter new password:
{SSHA}/UFZ8EehpMMtKiiAy+vxdxH6fObhaF3l
//修改rootdn密码
cat chrootpw.ldif
dn: olcDatabase={0}config,cn=config
changetype: modify
add: olcRootPW
olcRootPW: {SSHA}/UFZ8EehpMMtKiiAy+vxdxH6fObhaF3l
ldapadd -Y EXTERNAL -H ldapi:/// -f chrootpw.ldif
//导出基础的Schema,这些 Schema 文件位于 /etc/openldap/schema/ 目录中,定义了我们以后创建的条目可以使用哪些属性
[root@localhost ~]# ldapadd -Y EXTERNAL -H ldapi:/// -f /etc/openldap/schema/cosine.ldif
SASL/EXTERNAL authentication started
SASL username: gidNumber=0+uidNumber=0,cn=peercred,cn=external,cn=auth
SASL SSF: 0
adding new entry "cn=cosine,cn=schema,cn=config"
[root@localhost ~]# ldapadd -Y EXTERNAL -H ldapi:/// -f /etc/openldap/schema/nis.ldif
SASL/EXTERNAL authentication started
SASL username: gidNumber=0+uidNumber=0,cn=peercred,cn=external,cn=auth
SASL SSF: 0
adding new entry "cn=nis,cn=schema,cn=config"
[root@localhost ~]# ldapadd -Y EXTERNAL -H ldapi:/// -f /etc/openldap/schema/inetorgperson.ldif
SASL/EXTERNAL authentication started
SASL username: gidNumber=0+uidNumber=0,cn=peercred,cn=external,cn=auth
SASL SSF: 0
adding new entry "cn=inetorgperson,cn=schema,cn=config"
//配置 LDAP 的顶级域
[root@proxy ldap]# cat chdomain.ldif
dn: olcDatabase={1}monitor,cn=config
changetype: modify
replace: olcAccess
olcAccess: {0}to * by dn.base="gidNumber=0+uidNumber=0,cn=peercred,cn=external,cn=auth"
read by dn.base="cn=Manager,dc=my-domain,dc=com" read by * none
dn: olcDatabase={2}hdb,cn=config
changetype: modify
replace: olcSuffix
olcSuffix: dc=my-domain,dc=com
dn: olcDatabase={2}hdb,cn=config
changetype: modify
replace: olcRootDN
olcRootDN: cn=Manager,dc=my-domain,dc=com
dn: olcDatabase={2}hdb,cn=config
changetype: modify
replace: olcRootPW
olcRootPW: {SSHA}/UFZ8EehpMMtKiiAy+vxdxH6fObhaF3l
dn: olcDatabase={2}hdb,cn=config
changetype: modify
add: olcAccess
olcAccess: {0}to attrs=userPassword,shadowLastChange by
dn="cn=Manager,dc=my-domain,dc=com" write by anonymous auth by self write by * none
olcAccess: {1}to dn.base="" by * read
olcAccess: {2}to * by dn="cn=Manager,dc=my-domain,dc=com" write by * read
[root@localhost ~]# ldapmodify -Y EXTERNAL -H ldapi:/// -f chdomain.ldif
//导入基础组信息什么的
[root@proxy ldap]# cat base.ldif
dn: dc=my-domain,dc=com
dc: my-domain
objectClass: top
objectClass: domain
dn: ou=People,dc=my-domain,dc=com
ou: People
objectClass: top
objectClass: organizationalUnit
dn: ou=Group,dc=my-domain,dc=com
ou: Group
objectClass: top
objectClass: organizationalUnit
ldapadd -x -D "cn=Manager,dc=my-domain,dc=com" -W -f base.ldif
//导入用户信息
//修改域名基础信息
vi /usr/share/migrationtools/migrate_common.ph
$DEFAULT_BASE = "dc=my-domain,dc=com";
[root@proxy ldap]# /usr/share/migrationtools/migrate_passwd.pl /etc/passwd passwd.ldif
[root@proxy ldap]# /usr/share/migrationtools/migrate_group.pl /etc/group group.ldif
[root@proxy ldap]# ldapadd -x -D cn=Manager,dc=my-domain,dc=com -W -f passwd.ldif
[root@proxy ldap]# ldapadd -x -D cn=Manager,dc=my-domain,dc=com -W -f group.ldif
//查看所有记录
[root@proxy ldap]# ldapsearch -x -b "dc=my-domain,dc=com" -H ldap://192.168.1.1

至此全部搭建完毕